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UN Human Development Index

From Academic Kids

The UN Human Development Index (HDI) measures poverty, literacy, education, life expectancy, and other factors. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. The index was developed in 1990 by the Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq, and has been used since 1993 by the United Nations Development Programme in its annual report.

The HDI measures the average achievements in a country in three basic dimensions of human development:

  • A long and healthy life, as measured by life expectancy at birth.
  • Knowledge, as measured by the adult literacy rate (with two-thirds weight) and the combined primary, secondary and tertiary gross enrollment ratio (with one-third weight).
  • A decent standard of living, as measured by GDP per capita (PPP USD).

Each year, countries are ranked according to these measures. Those high on the list often brag about it, as a means of attracting talented migrants (economically, individual capital) or discouraging potential emigrants from leaving.

Contents

2004 report

Top thirty countries

Missing image
World_HDI_(around_2005).png
HDI in differents countries of world, around 2005

(Note the similarity between this list and that of developed countries.)

  1. Template:NOR
  2. Template:SWE
  3. Template:AUS
  4. Template:CAN
  5. Template:NLD
  6. Template:BEL
  7. Template:ISL
  8. Template:USA
  9. Template:JPN
  10. Template:IRL
  1. Template:SUI
  2. Template:UK
  3. Template:FIN
  4. Template:AUT
  5. Template:LUX
  6. Template:FRA
  7. Template:DEN
  8. Template:NZL
  9. Template:GER
  10. Template:ESP
  1. Template:ITA
  2. Template:ISR
  3. Template:HONG KONG SAR (PRC)
  4. Template:GRC
  5. Template:SIN
  6. Template:POR
  7. Template:SVN
  8. Template:SKO
  9. Template:BAR
  10. Template:CYP

Most of the data used for the 2004 report came from 2001 and 2002. 19 of the bottom 20 countries are in Africa. However, not all UN member states choose to or are able to provide the necessary statistics. Notable absences from the list include Iraq, Somalia, and North Korea.

Bottom ten countries

  1. Template:DRC
  2. Template:CAF
  3. Template:ETH
  4. Template:MOZ
  5. Template:GBS
  6. Template:BDI
  7. Template:MLI
  8. Template:BUR
  9. Template:NIG
  10. Template:SLE

Top/bottom three countries by continent

Africa

35. Template:SEY
58. Template:LBA
64. Template:MRI
...
175. Template:BFA
176. Template:NIG
177. Template:SLE

Asia

9. Template:JPN
22. Template:ISR
23. Template:HONG KONG SAR (PRC)
...
142. Template:PAK
149. Template:YEM
158. Template:E TIMOR

Europe

1. Template:NOR
2. Template:SWE
5. Template:NLD
...
69. Template:ROM
70. Template:UKR
113. Template:MOL

North America

4. Template:CAN
8. Template:USA
29. Template:BAR
...
118. Template:NIC
121. Template:GUA
153. Template:HAI

Oceania

3. Template:AUS
18. Template:NZL
63. Template:TGA
...
124. Template:SOL
129. Template:VAN
133. Template:PNG

South America

34. Template:ARG
43. Template:CHI
46. Template:URU
...
100. Template:ECU
104. Template:GUY
114. Template:BOL

Past top countries

The number one ranked country in each year of the index.

See also

External links

ca:ndex de Desenvolupament Hum de:Human Development Index es:ndice de Desarrollo Humano fr:Indicateur de dveloppement humain pl:Human Development Index pt:ndice de Desenvolvimento Humano fi:Inhimillisen kehityksen indeksi it:Indice di sviluppo umano sv:HDI

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