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Pete Wilson

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Pete Wilson

Peter Barton Wilson (born August 23, 1933) is an American Republican politician from California.

Born in Lake Forest, Illinois, he attended private school in St. Louis, Missouri and graduated from Yale University in 1956. From 1955 to 1958 he served in the United States Marine Corps as an infantry officer.

Wilson moved to California to attend law school at the University of California, Berkeley and earned his degree in 1962. After serving on Richard Nixon's campaign for Governor of California in 1962, he served in the California State Assembly (1966-1971) and then became Mayor of San Diego (1971-1983). In 1978 he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Republican nomination for Governor.

In 1982, Wilson defeated Democratic Governor Jerry Brown's bid for a U.S. Senate seat. Senator Wilson was reelected in 1988. He was elected Governor of California in 1990, defeating San Francisco mayor Dianne Feinstein, who succeeded him in the Senate. He was reelected Governor by a wide margin in 1994, defeating Jerry Brown's sister, State Treasurer Kathleen Brown.

Wilson's official portrait hangs in the California State Capitol
Enlarge
Wilson's official portrait hangs in the California State Capitol

Wilson was generally considered a moderate Republican with liberal stances on social issues such as abortion. He refused to remove MTBE, a toxic fuel additive, from California's supply of gasoline. While seeking reelection in 1994, he sought to shore up his support by embracing Proposition 187, a law aimed at illegal immigrants. Proposition 187 was relatively popular at the time and passed easily, but it greatly damaged the California Republican Party's standing with minorities, especially Hispanics.

Wilson made an unsuccessful run for the Republican Party nomination for President in 1996.

After two terms as Governor, Wilson was unable to run again due to term limits and was succeeded by Democratic Lieutenant Governor Gray Davis in 1999.

He and his wife are now employed by an oil company.

During the 2003 California recall, he acted as an advisor to fellow Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger who was subsequently elected Governor of California, succeeding Democrat Davis.

Preceded by:
George Deukmejian
Governor of California
19911999
Succeeded by:
Gray Davis
Preceded by:
Samuel I. Hayakawa
U.S. Senator from California
19831991
Succeeded by:
John F. Seymour

Template:End boxde:Pete Wilson ja:ピート・ウィルソン

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