Mumbai Suburban Railway

From Academic Kids

The Mumbai Suburban Railway system, part of the public transport in Mumbai, carries more than 6.1 million commuters everyday. It has the highest passenger density in the world. More than half of the total daily passenger trips on Indian Railways are performed on Mumbai Suburban Railway system.

Given the geographical spread of the population and location of business areas, the rail network will continue to be the principal mode of mass transport in Mumbai.



The Suburban Railway system in Mumbai is perhaps the most complex, densely loaded and intensively utilised system in the world. Spread over 302 route kilometres, it operates on 1500 V DC power supply from overhead catenary lines. The suburban services are run by electric multiple units (EMUs). 184 rakes (train sets) of 9-car and 12-car composition are utilised to run 2067 train services to carry 6.1 million passengers per day.

Mumbai Suburban Railway system, in spite of heavy demands on it, has provided an efficient and reliable service. Overcrowding has grown to such an extent that 4,700 passengers are traveling per 9-car train during peak hours, as against the rated carrying capacity of 1,700. This has resulted in, what is known as, super dense crush load of 14-16 standing passengers per square metre of floor space!

Mumbai Railway Vikas Corporation (MRVC)

To enable the Mumbai Suburban Railway to meet the demands of the ever-growing passenger traffic, Ministry of Railways and the Government of Maharashtra envisioned MRVC.

Mumbai Railway Vikas Corporation Ltd (MRVC Ltd), a public sector unit of Govt. of India under Ministry of Railways (MOR) was incorporated under Companies Act, 1956 on July 12, 1999. with an equity capital of Rs 25 crores (Rs 250,000,000) shared in the ratio of 51:49 between Ministry of Railways and Government of Maharashtra to implement the rail component of an integrated rail-cum-road urban transport project called Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP). The cost of the rail component of the project is to be shared equally by Ministry of Railways and Government of Maharashtra.

Zones and Corridors

Two zonal Railways, the Western Railway (WR) and the Central Railway (CR), operate the Mumbai Suburban Railway system. At present, the fast corridors on Central Railway as well as Western Railway are shared for long distance (main line) and freight trains.

Western Line

Two corridors (one local and other through) on Western Railway run northwards from Churchgate terminus parallel to the west coast up to Virar (60 km). These corridors are popularly referred to as 'Western Line' by the locals.

Central Line

Two corridors (one local and other through) on Central Railway run from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) to Kalyan (54 km),from where it bifurcates into KalyanKasara (67 km) in the north-east and KalyanKarjatKhopoli(61 km) in south-east. These corridors are popularly referred to as 'Central Line' or 'Main Line' by the locals.

Harbour Line

The 5th corridor on Central Railway runs from CST to Raoli Junction (11 km) from where the line splits. One line goes north west to join WR at Mahim and goes up to Andheri (11 km), and the other goes eastward to terminate at Panvel (39 km) via Navi Mumbai. This corridor is popularly referred to as 'Harbour Line' by the locals.

List of stations

Names in bold indicate that the station is a fast train stop.

Western line

Within Greater Mumbai: Churchgate, Marine Lines, Charni Road, Grant Road, Mumbai Central, Mahalaxmi, Lower Parel, Elphinstone Road, Dadar, Matunga Road, Mahim, Bandra, Khar Road, Santacruz, Vile Parle, Andheri, Jogeshwari, Goregaon, Malad, Kandivali, Borivali, Dahisar.

Outside Greater Mumbai: Dahisar, Mira Road, Bhayandar, Naigaon, Vasai Road, Nallasopara, Virar, Vaitarna, Saphala, Kelve Road, Palghar, Umroli, Boisar, Vangaon, Dahanu Road

Central (Main) line

Within Greater Mumbai: Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Masjid, Sandhurst Road, Byculla, Chinchpokli, Currey Road, Parel, Dadar, Matunga , Sion, Kurla, Vidyavihar, Ghatkopar, Vikhroli, Kanjurmarg, Bhandup, Mulund, Thane

Outside Greater Mumbai: Thane, Kalva, Mumbra, Diwa, Dombivli, Thakurli, Kalyan

  1. Kalyan, Vithalwadi, Ulhasnagar, Ambarnath, Badlapur, Vangani, Shelu, Neral, Bhivpuri Road, Karjat, Palasdhari, Kelavli, Dolavli, Lowjee, Khopoli
  2. Kalyan, Shahad, Ambivli, Titwala, Khadavli, Vasind, Asangaon, Atgaon, Khardi, Kasara

Harbour line

Within Greater Mumbai: Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Masjid, Sandhurst Road, Dockyard Road, Reay Road, Cotton Green, Sewri, Vadala Road

  1. Vadala Road, Kings Circle, Mahim, Bandra,Khar Road, Santacruz, Vile Parle, Andheri
  2. Vadala Road, Guru Tegh Bahadur Nagar, Chunabhatti, Kurla,Tilak Nagar, Chembur, Govandi, Mankhurd

Outside Greater Mumbai: Vashi, Sanpada, Juinagar, Nerul, Belapur, Khargar, Khandeshwar, Panvel

Diwa-Vasai Road Corridor

Diwa, Dombivli, Bhiwandi, Kharbao, Kaman, Vasai Road

Thane-Turbhe-Vashi Corridor

Thane, Airoli, Rabale, Ghansoli, Kopar Khairane, Turbhe, sanpada, Vashi

New coaches

Under the Mumbai Urban Transport Project the city would be receiving newly designed coaches manufactured by the Integral Coach Factory, Perambur. The coaches are built of stainless steel, and have cushioned seats, bigger windows, better suspension and ventilation. 101 new trains have been procured under the project at a total cost of Rs 1,900 crore (19 billion).

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