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Messina, Italy

From Academic Kids

Template:ITdot Messina is the third largest city on the island of Sicily, Italy and the capital of the province of Messina. Messina has a population of 260,000. It is located at the North-East corner of Sicily, next to the Strait of Messina.

Founded by Greek colonists in the 8th century BCE, Messina was originally called Zancle (scythe) because of the shape of its natural harbour. Of that name there still remains the 'Scaletta Zanclea' stairs. The Latin name of the city was Messana.

Missing image
Denarius_Sextus_Pompeius-Scilla.jpg
Sextus Pompeius coin, depicting the Pharus of Messina and Scylla.

The city was sacked in 396 BCE by the Carthaginians. It was the base of Sextus Pompeius, during his war against Octavian. In Roman times Messina had an important pharus.

Messina was almost entirely destroyed by an earthquake and associated tsunami on the morning of December 28, 1908, killing over 75,000 people. In June 1955, Messina was the location of the conference of western European foreign ministers which led to the creation of the European Economic Community.

In 1957 a 220kV-overhead powerline was built across the Strait of Messina. At the time of its construction, its pylons were the highest in the world. This powerline has since been replaced by an underwater cable, but the pylons still remain, protected as historical monuments. (See Pylons of Messina.)

Famous people born in Messina

Messina in Literature

Many writers set their works in Messina, among the others:

External links

de:Messina es:Messina fr:Messine id:Messina it:Messina nl:Messina ja:メッシーナ pl:Mesyna ro:Messina scn:Missina sv:Messina zh:墨西拿

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