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Ethnic nationalism

From Academic Kids

Ethnic nationalism is the form of nationalism in which the state derives political legitimacy from historical cultural or hereditary groupings (ethnicities); the underlying assumption is that ethnicities should be politically distinct. Often, ethnic nationalism is often simply referred to as "nationalism".

Ethnic nationalism was developed by Johann Gottfried von Herder, who introduced the concept of the Volk (German for Folk). Further more Anthony Smith uses this term to identify non-western concepts of nationalism as suppose to western views of a nation mainly being defined by its geogrphical territory.

Romantic nationalism is a form of ethnic nationalism infused with Romanticism.

Some political movements are characterised by ethnic nationalism as a central platform, for example fascism or the most extreme example nazism. Many multi-ethnic countries such as Belgium, Canada, Israel and some Balkan states also have political parties or divisions to represent a specific ethnic grouping.

The concepts homeland, fatherland, and motherland are often used as an ethnic nationalist concept.

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