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Buryatia

From Academic Kids

The Buryat Republic (Russian: Респу́блика Буря́тия; Buryat: Буряад Республика) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). The direct transliteration of the republic's name is Respublika Buryatiya in Russian and Buryaad Respublika in Buryat. Template:Federal subject of Russia

Contents

Geography

Buryatia is located in the South-Central region of Siberia along the eastern shore of Lake Baikal.

Time zone

Buryatia is located in the Irkutsk Time Zone (IRKT/IRKST). UTC offset is +0800 (IRKT)/+0900 (IRKST).

Rivers

Major rivers include:

Lakes

Buryatia is located on the shores of the Lake Baikal (60% of the shore line).

Mountains

Over 80% of republic's territory is located in the mountainous region.

Natural Resources

Buryatia's natural resources include gold, tungsten, zinc, uranium and more.

Climate

  • Average annual temperature: -1.6°C
  • Average January temperature: -22°C
  • Average July temperature: +18°C
  • Average annual precipitation: 244 mm

Administrative division

Main article: Administrative division of Buryatia

Demographics

Over 100 nationalities and ethnic groups inhabit Buryatia, including Russians (69.9%), Buryats (24%), Ukrainians (2.2%), Tatars (1%), and Belarusians (0.5%) (figures based on 1989 census).

  • Population: 981,238 (2002)
    • Urban: 584,970 (59.6%)
    • Rural: 396,268 (40.4%)
    • Male: 467,984 (47.7%)
    • Female: 513,254 (52.3%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1,097
  • Average age: 31.6 years
    • Urban: 31.2 years
    • Rural: 32.2 years
    • Male: 29.4 years
    • Female: 33.9 years
  • Number of households: 322,289 (with 958,402 people)
    • Urban: 197,651 (with 566,755 people)
    • Rural: 124,638 (with 391,647 people)

History

The area of the modern day Buryatia was first colonized in the 1600s by Russians in search of wealth, furs and gold. In 1923, the republic was created through the union of the Buryat-Mongol and Mongol-Buryat Oblasts.

Politics

The head of government in Buryatia is the President, who is elected for a four-year term. As of 2005, the President is Leonid Vasilyevich Potapov, who was elected on July 1, 1994, re-elected in 1998 (with 63.25% of votes), and then re-elected again on June 23, 2002 (with over 67% of votes). Prior to the elections, Potapov was the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic—the highest post at that time.

The Republic's parliament is the People's Khural, popularly elected every four years. The People's Khural has 65 deputies.

The Republic's Constitution was adopted on February 22, 1994.

Economy

The republic's economy is composed of important agricultural and commercial products including wheat, vegetables, potatoes, timber, leather, graphite and textiles. Fishing, hunting, fur farming, sheep and cattle farming, mining, stock raising, engineering, and food processing are also important economic generators.

Education

The higher education institutions of the republic include Buryatia State University, Buryat State Academy of Agriculture, East Siberian State Academy of Arts and Culture, and East Siberian State Technological Institute.

Religion

Tibetan/Lamaist Buddhism, Shamanism, and Orthodox Christianity are the most widepsread religions in Buryatia.

Tourism

Lake Baikal is a popular tourist destination.

Related articles

External links

Template:Russian federal subjectsca:Buritia de:Burjatien et:Burjaatia Vabariik it:Buriazia ja:ブリヤート共和国 mn:Буриадууд nl:Boerjati ru:Бурятия fi:Burjatia sv:Burjatien

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