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Anarchy

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Template:Anarchism


Anarchy (New Latin anarchia) is a term that has several usages. Specific meanings include

  1. Absence of any form of state.
  2. "The Anarchy" is the name given a period of civil war and unsettled government in England during the reign of King Stephen of England.
  3. Specific publications titled "Anarchy." See Publications.
  4. Political disorder and confusion.
  5. Absence of a ruler, ruling class, ruling political party or parties, or power elite.
Contents

Etymology

The word anarchy comes from the Greek word αναρχία (anarchia), which means "without a ruler" (an- meaning "without", arch- root denoting "rule", and -ia corresponding to the English suffix "-y" in "monarchy"). It originated from the word anarchos which means either "without head or chief" or "without beginning" (Liddell & Scott's Greek-English Lexicon). Anarchos was a description often applied to God - to be "uncaused" was considered divine. A King or founder might be called the archegos (αρχηγός, from archē + agein, "to lead") or just the archōn (άρχων, participle of archein, "to rule") or the archos (αρχός, from archein + -os, masculine ending) which mean "ruler." Athenian democracy was not considered anarchia because, like modern England, Athens had Kings. In fact there were nine archontes led by an archōn (Liddell & Scott). These "rulers" served mainly religious and magisterial purposes, but their existence precluded the Athenians from calling their government anarchia. Instead of calling themselves anarchos, the Athenians described their situation as eleutheros ("free").

Publications

Other uses

See also

External links


da:Anarki de:Anarchie es:Anarquía et:Anarhia fi:Anarkia fr:Anarchie it:Anarchia nl:Anarchie pl:Anarchia simple:Anarchy sv:Anarki

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