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Alan Greenspan

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Alan Greenspan (older image)

Dr. Alan Greenspan, KBE, Ph.D., MA (born March 6, 1926) is an American economist and Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve of the United States. He is considered by many to be the leading authority and key participant concerning American domestic economic and monetary policy. For example, he has been instrumental in how the U.S. government deals with inflation. Given the breadth of his experience, he has been referred to in the media as "the economist's economist" and "maestro."

Greenspan was born in New York City and subsequently earned a Master's degree in Economics in 1950 from New York University, and a Ph.D. in Economics in 1977. He also attended Columbia University for advanced graduate study.

During the 50's and 60's Greenspan was associated with author-philosopher Ayn Rand and her Objectivist movement, advocating unfettered capitalism as a social and economic philosophy. He authored articles for Objectivist newsletters, and contributed several essays for Rand's 1966 book Capitalism: the Unknown Ideal. Greenspan was also a strong advocate of the gold standard, somewhat of an irony given the Federal Reserve's role in America's fiat money. Greenspan's advocacy of capitalism continues to this day; he is widely accepted as neoliberal.

During his career, Greenspan served on numerous corporate boards, where he gained useful insights for his role at the Federal Reserve.

Today Mr. Greenspan is Chairman of the United States Federal Reserve Board, an office he first took on August 11, 1987. On May 18, 2004, he was nominated by President George W. Bush to serve for an unprecedented fifth term. He has been appointed to this post by U.S. Presidents Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, and Bill Clinton. From 1974 to 1977, he was Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers under Gerald Ford. His honorary titles include Knight Commander of the British Empire, bestowed in 2002 and Commander of the Lgion d'honneur (Legion of Honor).

He married NBC journalist Andrea Mitchell in 1997.

Greenspan's term as a member of the Board ends on January 31 2006. His appointment as Chairman of the Federal Reserve does not expire until June of 2008 however, and he could choose to serve his complete term as chairman without being a member of the board. According to the statutes which govern the Federal Reserve, Greenspan could continue to serve until his replacement had been appointed and approved by the senate. Therefore, Greenspan could continue serving indefinitely if the President or Senate delayed designating his replacement.

If Greenspan were to serve until June 10, 2006, he would become the longest-serving Chairman ever, exceeding the 18 years, nine months and 29 days served by William McChesney Martin Jr., from 1951 to 1970. [1] (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/05/17/AR2005051701586.html)

Quotations

  • "Once stock prices reach the point at which it is hard to value them by logical methodology, stocks will be bought as they were in the late 1920s not for investment but to be unloaded at a still higher price. The ensuing break could be disastrous because panic psychology cannot be summarily altered or reversed by easing money policies." Greenspan in 1959. [3] (http://www.safehaven.com/article-171.htm)
  • "An almost hysterical antagonism toward the gold standard is one issue which unites statists of all persuasions. They seem to sense - perhaps more clearly and subtly than many consistent defenders of laissez-faire - that gold and economic freedom are inseparable, that the gold standard is an instrument of laissez-faire and that each implies and requires the other." "Gold and Economic Freedom (http://www.321gold.com/fed/greenspan/1966.html)", by Alan Greenspan, 1966.

External links

Criticism


Preceded by:
Paul Volcker
Chairman of the Federal Reserve
1987–
Succeeded by:

Template:End boxda:Alan Greenspan de:Alan Greenspan fr:Alan Greenspan nl:Alan Greenspan no:alan Greenspan ja:アラン・グリーンスパン sv:Alan Greenspan zh:阿伦·格林斯潘

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